Eco-6 Lumi: How prepared is Nigeria to implement the AfCFTA and to become Africa’s manufacturing hub?

The Official launching of the African Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA) in Kigali, Rwanda 2018. Image Credit: The guardian 

The African Continental Free Trade Area got a significant lift last week, as the eagerly awaited Pan-African Payments and Settlement System (PAPSS) was formally launched in Accra, Ghana.

As indicated, PAPSS will empower a client in one African country to pay in their own currency while a merchant in one more nation gets credited in their own local currency.

Lumi beneficiaries across Nigeria may be more favoured as CBN revealed in December last year that more CBDC payment platforms will soon be added on the Speed Wallet to globalize the eNaira as it was designed to tackle cross-border payments. With the CBN’s Governor’s remark during the PAPSS launching in Ghana, PAPSS may be one of the first digital platform to be added on the Speed Wallet.

After a fruitful pilot in the West African Monetary Zone (WAMZ), the payment framework was sent off economically. Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone make up the WAMZ, a West African financial and integration association.

Speaking at the launching of the PAPSS platform, the CBN Governor, Mr Godwin Emefiele said that the monetary establishments under its ward will acknowledge the PAPSS and recommend it to financial organizations across Nigeria. As indicated by Emefiele, the new payment technique will help with the formalization of exchange on the continent, just as it will be an advantage to families, organizations, and monetary establishments.

With the framework provided by PAPSS, he appraises that intra-African exchange will extend to 35% from 15% in the following five years, similarly as the Secretary-General of AfCFTA, H.E Wamkele Mene, in his comments expressed that the PAPSS is relied upon to support intra-African exchange and save the continent $5 billion yearly.

Additionally last week, Nigeria’s Trade Minister, Niyi Adebayo, indicated that the FG will zero in on further developing admittance to power and framework for manufacturers to further develop Nigeria’s assembling hub in Africa. He said, “with respect to control, we know that there is a power issue, so nonetheless, in light of that, what we are doing is making exceptional monetary zones and unique modern parks.”

He added that the public authority is enjoying cash with respect to setting up gas pipelines all around the nation so manufacturers can without much of a stretch tap into the gas pipelines and access the gas and power their plants.

With the send off of the PAPSS framework and the Trade Minister’s guarantee, one can be hopeful about the rollout of the AfCFTA in Nigeria and Africa for the year 2022.

Nonetheless, contrasted and last year, the AfCFTA reception was at an agonizingly slow clip because of different elements, with the most significant being the Coronavirus infection pandemic which disturbed the worldwide stockpile chains.

Other contributing variables were absence of political will on the part of State parties frailty, and helpless framework in significant exchange hallways.

Prince Nwafuru, an AfCFTA editorialist and an International Trade Lawyer, told reporters that in 2022, partners need to see the AfCFTA State Parties foster clear execution techniques and similarly address the duty and non-tax boundaries that militate against the completion of the destinations of the international alliance.

How possible is the Trade Minister’s remarks for Nigeria to be the assembling center of AfCFTA?

Nwafuru says that Nigeria has the potential to be the assembling center as well as to lead the way as a critical exporter of specialized services inside the AfCFTA.

“In any case, the nation requires venture agreeable arrangements to complete this. What’s more indeed, similar to the Minister’s note, we really want to be above all and address the key difficulties, for example, frailty, helpless foundation, port clog and power issues among other non-tax hindrances.

“Manufacturing is capital and power-escalated and you really want to have the fundamental structure to flourish under a serious streamlined commerce system as this. The spotlight currently has been on arranging the guidelines of beginning which will address the levy part of exchange hindrances. Yet, until those non-exchange hindrances identified above are tackled, Nigeria may not have a possibility against other industrialized nations of Africa like South Africa and Egypt,” Nwafuru says.

What are assumptions for the year and why has there been a more slow execution up to this point?

On more slow rollouts, Nwafuru says various variables might be answerable for this. He added that the Covid-19 pandemic has been faulted for a great deal of things. Most nations are more centered around how to address the effect of the pandemic on the wellbeing area and the economy and little consideration is being paid to other basic issues.

He added that there is likewise the issue of uncertainty and political flimsiness in a portion of the Regional Economic Communities (RECs).

“Take the new issue in Mali and furthermore Guinea which prompted the burden of assents on Mali. Every one of these to me establish interruptions. In any case, we should take note of that exchanging just began in January 2021 and it is still ahead of schedule to pass any judgment especially with these variables distinguished before,” he said.

“In 2022, we need to see the AfCFTA State Parties foster execution systems and similarly address the levy and non-tax obstructions that militate against the completion of the destinations of the international alliance as a great deal of entrepreneurs have whined with regards to absence of data on the execution and exchange of the convention parts of the economic deal.

“We need this to be tended to also. The private area ought to know and be conveyed along at each stage” he added.


Nigeria may not completely exploit the AfCFTA until complex strategy issues connected with power, framework and weakness are addressed, and with Nigeria entering the political decision season, the ability to completely take these issues head-on may be weakened.

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